Network Working Group                                        D. Eastlake
Request for Comments: 3106                                      Motorola
Obsoletes: 2706                                             T. Goldstein
Updated by: 4112 proposed standard
Most all changes are typographical. see diff
Category: Informational                                           Brodia
                                                              April 2001

ECML v1.1: Field Specifications for E-Commerce2.1.1 Field List

3.3 HTML Example
Please enter card information:

Your name on the card
The card number
Expiration date (MM YY)

 <FORM action= method=POST>
Please enter card information:
<p>Your name on the card

<INPUT type=text name=Ecom_Payment_Card_Name SIZE=40>
<br>The card number
  <INPUT type=text name=Ecom_Payment_Card_Number SIZE=19>
<br>Expiration date (MM YY)
  <INPUT type=text name=Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Month SIZE=2>
  <INPUT type=text name=Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Year SIZE=4>
  <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Payment_Card_Protocol>
  <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_SchemaVersion
 <INPUT type=submit value=submit><INPUT type=reset>

After all of the pages are submitted,
the merchant will reply with a confirmation page informing both the user and the wallet that the transaction is complete.
Thank you for your order. It will be shipped in several days.
Thank you for your order.  It will be shipped in several days.
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Merchant value=www.merchant.example>
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Processor
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Transaction_ID value=EF123456>
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Transaction_Inquiry
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Transaction_Amount value=789.00>
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Transaction_Currency value=USD>
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Transaction_Date value=July 14 2000>
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Transaction_Type value=credit>
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_Transaction_Signature
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_TransactionComplete>
 <INPUT type=hidden name=Ecom_SchemaVersion
The following fields are used to communicate from the customer to the merchant.
 ship to  FIELD           NAME          Min  Notes
 title             Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Prefix 4 1
 first name        """._First           15
 middle name       """._Middle          15  2
 last name         """._Last            15
 name suffix       """._Suffix           4  3
 company name      """_Company          20
 street line1      """_Street_Line1     20  4
 street line2      """_Street_Line2     20  4
 street line3      """_Street_Line3     20  4
 city              """_City             22
 state/province    """_StateProv         2  5
 zip/postal code   """_PostalCode       14  6
 country           """_CountryCode       2  7
 phone             .._Telecom_Phone_Number 10  8
 email             .._Online_Email      40  9

  bill to FIELD         NAME        Min  Notes
 title             Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Prefix 4 1
 first name        """._First           15
 middle name       """._Middle          15  2
 last name         """._Last            15
 name suffix       """._Suffix           4  3
 company name      """_Company          20
 street line1      """_Street_Line1     20  4
 street line2      """_Street_Line2     20  4
 street line3      """_Street_Line3     20  4
 city              """_City             22
 state/province    """_StateProv         2  5
 zip/postal code   """_PostalCode       14  6
 country           """_CountryCode       2  7
 phone             .._Telecom_Phone_Number    10  8
 email             .._Online_Email            40  9
 receipt to  FIELD     NAME    Min  Notes 32
 title          Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Prefix 4 1
 first name     """._First        15
 middle name    """._Middle       15  2
 last name      """._Last         15
 name suffix    """._Suffix        4  3
 company name   """_Company       20
 street line1   """_Street_Line1  20  4
 street line2   """_Street_Line2  20  4
 street line3   """_Street_Line3  20  4
 city           """_City          22
 state/province """_StateProv      2  5
 postal code    """_PostalCode    14  6
 country        """_CountryCode    2  7
 phone          .._Telecom_Phone_Number 10  8
 email          .._Online_Email         40  9
name on card              Ecom_Payment_Card_Name 30 10
card type                 """_Type               4  11
card number               """_Number            19  12
card verification value   """_Verification       4  13
card expire date day      """_ExpDate_Day        2  14
card expire date month    """_ExpDate_Month      2  15
card expire date year     """_ExpDate_Year       4  16

card protocols            """_Protocol          20  17

consumer order ID         Ecom_ConsumerOrderID  20  18

user ID                   Ecom_User_ID          40  19
user password             Ecom_User_Password    20  19

schema version            Ecom_SchemaVersion    30  20

wallet id                 Ecom_WalletID         40  21

end transaction flag      Ecom_TransactionComplete -  22
The following fields are used to communicate from the merchant to the consumer
   FIELD                       NAME           Min  Notes 
merchant home domain      Ecom_Merchant        128  23
processor home domain     Ecom_Processor       128  24
transaction identifier    Ecom_Transaction_ID  128  25
transaction URL inquiry   .._Inquiry           500  26
transaction amount        .._Amount            128  27
transaction currency      .._CurrencyCode        3  28
transaction date          .._Date               80  29
transaction type          .._Type               40  30
transaction signature     .._Signature         160  31

end transaction flag      Ecom_TransactionComplete  -  22

"MIN" in the table above is the MINIMUM DATA SIZE TO ALLOW FOR ON DATA ENTRY, NOT the minimum size for valid contents of the field and merchant software should, in most cases, be prepared to receive a longer or shorter value.
Merchant dealing with areas where, for example, the state/province name or phone number is longer than the "Min" given below must obviously permit longer data entry. In some cases, however, there is a maximum size that makes sense and this is documented in a Note for the field.

2.1.2 Field Foot Notes

1  For example: Mr., Mrs., Ms., Dr. This field is commonly not used.
2  May also be used for middle initial.
3  For example: Ph.D., Jr. (Junior), 3rd, Esq. (Esquire). This field is commonly not used.
4  Address lines must be filled in the order line1, then line2, and last line3.
5  2 characters are the minimum for the US and Canada, other countries may require longer fields. For the US use 2 character US Postal state abbreviation.
6  Minimum field lengths for Postal Code will vary based on international market served.
     Use 5 character or 5+4 ZIP for the US and 6 character postal code for Canada.
      The size given, 14, is believed to be the maximum required anywhere in the world.
7  Use [ISO 3166] standard two letter codes. See for country names.
8  10 digits are the minimum for numbers local to the North American Numbering Plan ( US, Canada and a number of smaller Caribbean and Pacific nations (but not Cuba)), other countries may require longer fields.
      Telephone numbers are complicated by differing international access codes, variant punctuation of area/city codes within countries, confusion caused by the fact that the international access code in the NANP region is usually the same as the "country code" for that area (1), etc. It will probably be necessary to use heuristics or human examination based on the telephone number and addresses given to figure out how to actually call a customer. It is recommend that an "x" be placed before extension numbers.
9  For example:
10  The name of the cardholder.
11  Use the first 4 letters of the association name:
            AMER   American Express  BANK   Bankcard (Australia)
            DC     DC (Japan)        DINE   Diners Club
            DISC   Discover          JCB    JCB
            MAST   Mastercard        NIKO   Nikos (Japan)
            SAIS   Saison (Japan)    UC     UC (Japan)
            UCAR   UCard (Taiwan)    VISA   Visa
12  Includes the check digit at end but no spaces or hyphens [ISO 7812]. The Min given, 19, is the longest number permitted under the ISO standard.
13  An additional cardholder verification number printed on the card (but not embossed or recorded on the magnetic stripe) such as American Express' CIV, MasterCard's CVC2, and Visa's CVV2 values.
14  The day of the month. Values: 1-31. A leading zero is ignored so, for example, 07 is valid for the seventh day of the month.
15  The month of the year. Jan - 1, Feb - 2, March - 3, etc.; A leading zero is ignored so,
16  The value in the wallet cell is always four digits, e.g., 1999, 2000, 2001, """
17  A space separated list of protocols available in connection with the specified card. Case insensitive tokens include:
18  A unique order ID generated by the consumer software.
19  The user ID and password fields are used in cases where the user has a pre-established account with the merchant.
20  URI indicating version of this set of fields. Usually a hidden field. Equal to "" for this version.
21  A string to identify the source and version of the form fill software that is acting on behalf of the user. Should contain company and/or product name and version. Example "Wallets Inc., SuperFill, v42.7". Usually a hidden field.

22  A flag to indicate that this web-page/aggregate is the final one for this transaction. Usually a hidden field.
23  Merchant domain name such as www.merchant.example. usually hidden field.
24  Gateway transaction processor who is actually accepting the payment on behalf of the merchant in home domain such as www.processor.example. This is usually a hidden field.
25  A Transaction identification string whose format is specific to the processor. This is usually a hidden field.
26  A URL that can be invoke to inquire about the transaction. This is usually a hidden field.
27  The amount of the transaction in ISO currency format. This is two integer numbers with a period in between but no other currency marks (such as a $ dollar sign). This is usually a hidden field.
28  This is the three letter ISO currency code. For example, for US dollars it is USD. This is usually a hidden field.
29  ISO Transaction date. This is usually a hidden field.
30  The type of the transaction (either debit or credit) if known. This is usually a hidden field.
31  The signature of the encoded certificate. This is usually a hidden field.
32  The Receipt To fields are used when the Bill To entity, location, or address and the Receipto entity, location, or address are different. For example, when using some forms of Corporate Purchasing Cards or Agent Purchasing Cards, the individual card holder would be in the Receipt To fields and the corporate or other owner would be in the Bill To fields.

IMPORTANT NOTE: "MIN" in the table below is the MINIMUM DATA SIZE TO ALLOW FOR ON DATA ENTRY. It is NOT the minimum size for valid contents of the field and merchant software should, in most cases, be prepared to receive a longer or shorter value. Merchant dealing with areas where, for example, the state/province name or phone number is longer than the "Min" given below must obviously permit longer data entry. In some cases, however, there is a maximum size that makes sense and where this is the case, it is documented in a Note for the field.

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

This document specifies version 1.1 of ECML and obsoletes RFC 2706 which specifies version 1.0 of ECML. Both version 1.0 and 1.1 of ECML are products of the ECML alliance which is described in section 1.1 of this document. The reader should note that version 2.0 of ECML is under development (as of the publication of this RFC) in the IETF in the TRADE Working Group.


Customers are frequently required to enter substantial amounts of information at an Internet merchant site in order to complete a purchase or other transaction, especially the first time they go there. A standard set of information fields is defined as the first version of an Electronic Commerce Modeling Language (ECML) so that this task can be more easily automated, for example by wallet software that could fill in fields. Even for the manual data entry case, customers will be less confused by varying merchant sites if a substantial number adopt these standard fields. In addition, some fields are defined for merchant to consumer communication.


The following persons, in alphabetic order, contributed substantially to the material herein:

George Burne, Joe Coco, Jon Parsons, James Salsman, David Shepherd, Kevin Weller

Table of Contents

 1. Introduction..................................................  2
   1.1 The ECML Alliance............................................  3
   1.2 Relationship to Other Standards..............................  4
   1.3 Areas Deferred to Future Versions............................  4
   2. Field Definitions and DTD.....................................  4
   2.1 Field List and Descriptions..................................  4
   2.1.1 Field List.................................................  5
   2.1.2 Field Foot Notes...........................................  7
   2.2 Use in HTML.................................................. 10
   2.3 An ECML 1.1 XML DTD.......................................... 11
   3. Using The Fields.............................................. 13
   3.1 Presentation of the Fields................................... 13
   3.2 Methods and Flow of Setting the Fields....................... 14
   3.3  HTML Example................................................ 14
   4. Security and Privacy Considerations........................... 16
   References....................................................... 16
   Appendix: Changes from ECML 1.0.................................. 18
   Authors' Addresses............................................... 19
   Full Copyright Statement......................................... 20 

1. Introduction
Today, numerous merchants are successfully conducting business on the Internet using HTML-based forms. The data formats used in these forms vary considerably from one merchant to another. End-users find the diversity confusing and the process of manually filling in these forms to be tedious. The result is that many merchant forms, reportedly around two thirds, are abandoned during the fill in process.

Software tools called electronic wallets can help this situation. A digital wallet is an application or service that assists consumers in conducting online transactions by allowing them to store billing, shipping, payment, and preference information and to use this information to automatically complete merchant interactions. This greatly simplifies the check-out process and minimizes the need for a consumer to think about and complete a merchant's form every time. Digital wallets that fill forms have been successfully built into browsers, as proxy servers, as helper applications to browsers, as stand-alone applications, as browser plug-ins, and as server-based applications. But the proliferation of electronic wallets has been hampered by the lack of standards.

ECML (Electronic Commerce Modeling Language, ) provides a set of simple guidelines for web merchants that will enable electronic wallets from multiple vendors to fill in their web forms. The end-result is that more consumers will find shopping on the web to be easy and compelling.

Version 1.1 has been enhanced over Version 1.0 [RFC 2706] as described in the appendix to this document. These enhancements include support for communication from the merchant to the wallet. This information can be used by the wallet to present transaction information and possibly signed receipts. The format of the signatures for receipts is not specified in this document.

Multiple wallets and multiple merchants interoperably support ECML. This is an open standard. ECML is designed to be simple. Neither Version 1.0 nor Version 1.1 of the project add new technology to the web. A merchant can adopt ECML and gain the support of these multiple Wallets by making very simple changes to their site. Use of ECML requires no license.

1.1 The ECML Alliance
The set of fields documented herein was developed by the ECML Alliance ( which now includes, in alphabetic order, the fifteen Steering Committee members listed below and numerous General Members some of whom are listed on the ECML web site.

1. American Express ( 2. AOL ( 3. Brodia ( 4. Compaq ( 5. CyberCash ( 6. Discover ( 7. FSTC ( 8. IBM ( 9. Mastercard ( 10. Microsoft ( 11. Novell ( 12. SETCo ( 13. Sun Microsystems ( 14. Trintech ( 15. Visa International (

1.2 Relationship to Other Standards

The ECML fields were initially derived from and are consistent with the W3C P3P base data schema at


ECML Version 1.1 is not a replacement or alternative to SSL/TLS [RFC 2246], SET [SET], XML [XML], or IOTP [RFC 2801]. These are important standards that provide functionality such as non-repudiatable transactions, automatable payment scheme selection, and smart card support.

ECML may be used with any payment mechanism. It simply allows a merchant to publish consistent simple web forms. Information on the use of the ECML fields with W3C P3P protocol is available at <>which also includes some proposed extension fields. These extension fields may be included in a future version of ECML.

1.3 Areas Deferred to Future Versions

Considerations for business purchasing cards, non-card payment mechanisms, wallet activation, privacy related mechanisms, additional payment mechanisms, currency exchange, and any sort of "negotiation" were among the areas deferred to consideration in future versions. Hidden or other special fields were minimized.

2. Field Definitions and DTD

The ECML Standard is primarily the definition and naming of fields. These fields can be encoded in a variety of syntaxes and protocols.

Section 2.1 below lists and describes the fields, Section 2.2 gives additional notes on HTML usage of the fields, and Section 2.3 provides an XML DTD for use with the fields.

2.1 Field List and Descriptions

The fields are listed below along with the minimum data entry size to allow. Note that these fields are hierarchically organized as indicated by the embedded underscore ("_") characters. Appropriate data transmission mechanisms may use this to request and send aggregates, such as Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate to encompass all the date components or Ecom_ShipTo to encompass all the ship to components that the consumer is willing to provide. The labeling, marshalling, unmarshalling of the components of such aggregates depends on the data transfer protocol used.

2.2 Use in HTML

The normal use of ECML in HTML is as a form with input field names identical to those given in section 2.1 above. In general, <INPUT> tags with type text, hidden, and password must be supported as must <SELECT>tags.

Internationalization in HTML is limited. The information available with the HTML form Method as to character set and language SHOULD be used.

2.3 An ECML 1.1 XML DTD

Below is an XML DTD that can be used for the XML encoding of ECML v1.1 Fields.

For internationalization of [XML] ECML, use the general XML character encoding provisions, which mandate support of UTF-8 and UTF-16 and permit support of other character sets, and the xml:lang attribute which may be used to specify language information.

   <-- Electronic Commerce Modeling Language 1.1 -->
   <!ELEMENT Ecom ( #PCDATA | ShipTo | BillTo | ReceiptTo | Payment | User | Transaction | TransactionComplete )* >
   <!ATTLIST Ecom
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             ConsumerOrderID CDATA #IMPLIED
             Merchant  CDATA      #IMPLIED
             Processor CDATA      #IMPLIED
             SchemaVersion ( "" |
                             "" )
             WalletID  CDATA      #IMPLIED >
   <!ELEMENT ShipTo ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* >
   <!ATTLIST ShipTo
             id        ID         #IMPLIED >
   <!ELEMENT BillTo  ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* >
   <!ATTLIST BillTo
             id        ID         #IMPLIED >
   <!ELEMENT ReceiptTo ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* >
   <!ATTLIST ReceiptTo
             id        ID         #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Postal ( #PCDATA | Name | Company |
                                Street | City | StateProv )* >
   <!ATTLIST Postal
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             PostalCode NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             CountryCode NMTOKEN  #IMPLIED >

   <!ATTLIST Name
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Prefix    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             First     NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED 
             Middle    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Last      NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Suffix    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Street EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Street
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Line1     CDATA      #REQUIRED
             Line2     CDATA      #IMPLIED
             Line3     CDATA      #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Company #PCDATA > 
   <!ELEMENT City #PCDATA > 
   <!ELEMENT StateProv #PCDATA > 
   <!ELEMENT Telecom ( #PCDATA | Phone )* >

   <!ELEMENT Phone EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Phone
             id         ID        #IMPLIED
             Number     CDATA     #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT Online ( #PCDATA | Email )* >

   <!ELEMENT Email EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Email
             id         ID        #IMPLIED
             Address    CDATA     #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT Payment Card> 
   <!ELEMENT Card ExpDate >
   <!ATTLIST Card
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Name        CDATA     #IMPLIED
             Type        NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Number      NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Protocols   NMTOKENS  #IMPLIED
             Verification NMTOKEN  #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT ExpDate EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST ExpDate
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Day         NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Month       NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Year        NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED >
   <!ELEMENT User ( #PCDATA | UserID | Password )* >
   <!ATTLIST User
             id          ID        #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Password #PCDATA >

   <!ELEMENT Transaction ( #PCDATA | TransactionID | Inquiry | TransDate | Signature )* >
   <!ATTLIST Transaction
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Amount      CDATA     #IMPLIED
             Currency    NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Type        NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED >
   <!ELEMENT TransactionComplete EMPTY>

3. Using The Fields

To conform to this document, the field names must be structured and named as close to the structure and naming listed in Section 2 above as permitted by the transaction protocol in use. Note: this does not impose any restriction on the user visible labeling of fields, just on their names as used in communication.

3.1 Presentation of the Fields

There is no necessary implication as to the order or manner of presentation. Some merchants may wish to ask for more information, some less by omitting fields. Some merchants may ask for the information they want in one interaction or web page, others may ask for parts of the information at different times in multiple interactions or different web pages. For example, it is common to ask for "ship to" information earlier, so shipping cost can be computed, before the payment method information. Some merchants may require that all the information they request be provided while other make much information optional. Etc.

There is no way with Version 1.0 or 1.1 of ECML to indicate what fields the merchant considers mandatory. From the point of view of customer software, all fields are optional to complete. However, the merchant may give an error or re-present a request for information if some field it requires is not completed, just as it may if a field is completed in a manner it considers erroneous.

It is entirely up to the merchant when and which, if any, of the merchant to consumer fields it presents.

3.2 Methods and Flow of Setting the Fields

There are a variety of methods of communication possible between the customer and the merchant by which the merchant can indicate what fields they want that the consumer can provide. Probably the easiest to use for currently deployed software is as fields in an [HTML] form (see section 2.2). Other possibilities are to use the IOTP Authenticate transaction [RFC 2801], an [XML] exchange, or proprietary protocols.

User action or the appearance of the Ecom_SchemaVersion field are examples of triggers that could be used to initiate a facility capable of filling in fields. Because some wallets may require user activation, there should be at least one user visible Ecom field on every page with any Ecom fields present that are to be filled in. It is also REQUIRED that the Ecom_SchemaVersion field, which is usually a hidden field, be included on every web page that has any Ecom fields.

Because web pages can load very slowly, it may not be clear to an automated field fill-in function when it is finished filling in fields on a web page. For this reason, it is recommended that the Ecom_SchemaVersion field be the last Ecom field on a web page.

Merchant requests for information can extend over several interactions or web pages. Without further provision, a facility could either require re-starting on each page or possibly violate or appear to violate privacy by continuing to fill in fields for pages beyond with end of the transaction with a particular merchant. For this reason the Ecom_TransactionComplete field, which is normally hidden, is provided. It is recommended that it appear on the last interaction or web page involved in a transaction, just before an Ecom_SchemaVersion field, so that multi-web-page automated field fill in logic could know when to stop if it chooses to check for this field.

4. Security and Privacy Considerations

The information called for by many of these fields is sensitive and should be secured if being sent over the public Internet or through other channels where it can be observed. Mechanisms for such protection are not specified herein but channel encryption such as TLS/SSL [RFC 2246] or IPSec [RFC 2411] would be appropriate in many cases.

User control over release of such information is needed to protect the user's privacy.

A wallet that is installed on a shared or public terminal should be configurable such that the ECML memory of address and other contact information is fully disabled. This is vital to protect the privacy of library patrons, students, and customers using public terminals, and children who might, for example, use a form on a public terminal without realizing that their information is being stored.

When contact information is stored, the operator should have an option to protect the information with a password, without which the information might be unavailable, even to someone who has access to the file(s) in which it is being stored. This would also allow for a convenient method for multiple people to use their own ECML information from the same browser.

Any multi-web-page or other multi-aggregate field fill in or data provision mechanism should check for the Ecom_TransactionComplete field and cease automated fill when it is encountered until fill is further authorized.



[HTML] HTML 3.2 Reference Specification, D. Raggett, January 1997.

[IANA] Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Official Names for Character Sets, ed. Keld Simonsen et al.

[ISO 3166] Codes for the representation of names of countries,

[ISO 7812] "Identification card - Identification of issuers - Part 1: Numbering system".

[RFC 1766] Alvestrand, H., "Tags for the Identification of Languages", BCP 47, RFC 3066, January 2001.

[RFC 2026] Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision 3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996.

[RFC 2246] Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol: Version 1.0", RFC 2246, January 1999.

[RFC 2411] Thayer, R., Doraswany, N. and R. Glenn, "IP Security: Document Roadmap", RFC 2411, November 1998.

[RFC 2706] Eastlake, D. and T. Goldstein, "ECML v1: Field Names for E-Commerce", RFC 2706, September 1999.

[RFC 2801] Burdett, D., "Internet Open Trading Protocol - IOTP Version 1.0", RFC 2801, April 2000.

[SET] Secure Electronic Transaction,

[XML] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition), T. Bray, J. Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, E. Maler.

Appendix: Changes from ECML 1.0

Authors' Addresses

   Donald E. Eastlake, 3rd Motorola, M2-450 20 Cabot Boulevard Mansfield, MA 02048 
   Phone:  +1-508-261-5434 Fax:    +1-508-261-4447 EMail:
   Ted Goldstein Brodia 221 Main Street, Suite 1530 San Francisco,  CA 94105 USA 
   Phone:  +1 415-495-3100 x222 Fax:    +1 415-495-3177 EMail:

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The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.
Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society.

based on : Rearanged by DG12

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved.